Nominative Case - Syntactical Classification

Back to main Learn NT Greek page. Back to Syntactical Classification Pages.

A. Subject Nominative - When a word is used as the subject of a finite verb, it is usually in the nominative case.
         E.g. John 1:14
         "Kai; oJ lovgo" sa;rx ejgevneto"
         "the word became flesh".
B. Predicate Nominative - The object of a copulative (linking) verb will also usually be in the nominative case, rather than in the accusative case as would be expected.
         E.g. John 1:14
         "Kai; oJ lovgo" sa;rx ejgevneto"
         "the word became flesh".
C. Nominative of Appellation - Sometimes a proper noun is used in the nominative case, regardless of what role it plays in the sentence.
         E.g. John 13:13
         "uJmei'" fwnei'tev me JO didavskalo" kai; JO kuvrio","
         "You call me Teacher and Lord,"
D. Nominative of Direct Address (Vocative) - When speaking directly to a person, addressing them by name, often their name will be in the nominative case.

        E.g. Acts 26:19
        "{Oqen, basileu' jAgrivppa, oujk ejgenovmhn ajpeiqhV; th'/ oujranivw/ ojptasiva/,"
        "Wherefore, King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision"
E. Independent Nominative - Oftentimes the nominative case will be used in expressions where no finite verb exists, such as in Exclamations, Salutations, Titles of Books, and in Parenthetic, Absolute, and Proverbial Expressions.

        E.g. Romans 11:33
        "  \W bavqo" plouvtou kai; sofiva" kai; gnwvsew" qeou':"
         "Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God!"

Back to Syntactical Classification Pages

 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 License.
Created by Corey Keating at: