Hortatory Subjunctive

a) This is a statement urging others to join in some action (commanding oneself and one’s associates). (It is roughly the same as first person imperative, which does not exist in Greek.)

b) It is easily identified because it will always be the first person plural form of the subjunctive mood.  This verb form will often come near the beginning of the sentence.

c) It is usually translated "let us…."  (Thus, as a mnemonic device, it can be referred to as the ‘Salad Subjunctive’.)

d) Examples:

    i) Hebrews 10:22
    "Let us come forward to the Holy of Holies with a true heart in full assurance of faith."
    "prosercwvmeqa meta; ajlhqinh'" kardiva" ejn plhroforiva/ pivstew","
    ii) Hebrews 12:1
    "Let us run the race that is set before us."
    "di uJpomonh'" trevcwmen to;n prokeivmenon hJmi'n ajgw'na,"
    iii) 1 John 4:7
    "Beloved, let us love one another."
    "jAgaphtoiv, ajgapw'men ajllhvlou","

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Created by Corey Keating at: http://www.ntgreek.org/